- America's international test scores are "mediocre" (not bad) because of the high number of students in poverty, not because our schools are "failing."
- Research shows that education can be improved by counteracting the effects of poverty. He speaks specifically about access to books, reminding us that access to books increases the amount of reading (pleasure reading is the key)...the quantity of reading improves reading and a host of other benefits.
- Poverty, the percentage of children who were allowed to do free reading (pleasure reading) in school, the presence of school libraries of more than 500 books, and access of books in the home are proven to improve reading scores.
- Teacher evaluation of students (formative testing) is more accurate than standardized testing.