"The whole people must take upon themselves the education of the whole people and be willing to bear the expenses of it. There should not be a district of one mile square, without a school in it, not founded by a charitable individual, but maintained at the public expense of the people themselves." -- John Adams

"No money shall be drawn from the treasury, for the benefit of any religious or theological institution." -- Indiana Constitution Article 1, Section 6.

"...no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinion in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish enlarge, or affect their civil capacities." – Thomas Jefferson

Monday, July 20, 2015

2015 Medley #23

Teachers Quitting, Evaluations, Poverty,
Testing, Privatization, Texas Textbooks


Jennifer Higgins: I Am Not a “Developing” Teacher

Diane Ravitch posted yet another letter from a teacher who has decided to quit rather than punish herself for not being able to overcome the pain and cognitive dissonance of "education reform." Ravitch's comments before she reproduced the letter opened up a mild fire-storm in the comments section. Should you quit if you "can't take it any more" or does that mean that "the reformers have won?" Diane said the latter, although I think she meant her words to be encouraging people to stay...rather than disparagement of those who choose to leave.

There's a very interesting, sometimes heated, discussion in the comments which follow...
I have gotten to a point where I hate posting statements by teachers who are giving up because of stupid mandates and idiotic “reforms.” I don’t want anyone to quit. I want teachers to stay and fight for themselves, their students, their profession. At the same time, I understand that sometimes people reach a breaking point, and they can’t take it anymore.

The only good thing about these statements is that they tell the world about the damage done by ill-informed, misguided, punitive “reforms.” We can’t afford to drive good teachers away, yet that’s what current metrics are doing.

Here is a statement by Jennifer Higgins. She knows she’s a terrific teacher, but the data say she’s not. I hope she fights back. Don’t let the reformers win. If you quit, they win.


A Reanalysis of the Effects of Teacher Replacement Using Value-Added Modeling

VAM, or Value-Added Modeling, has been shown to be unreliable and invalid, yet states around the nation, at the insistence of the US DOE, have been using VAM variations to evaluate teachers.
Conclusion: VAM is not reliable or valid, and VAM-based polices are not cost-effective for the purpose of raising student achievement and increasing earnings by terminating large numbers of low-performing teachers.


Teachers in the United States are not the Problem

American teachers are regularly blamed for our "failing" schools. The obsession with "getting rid of bad teachers" has taken the attention away from the real problem which is the high rate of childhood poverty in the US.

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), sends out the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) every few years. The most recent one was done in 2013 and the results are now available. The survey covers how teachers feel about their jobs.

Some things I noticed...
  • Teachers ought to get higher pay.
  • We need to quit bashing (blaming) teachers.
  • Collaboration, not competition, increases achievement.
Here are some of the findings...
  • 64% of middle school and junior high teachers feel that American teachers are not valued by society.
  • Only 67% of American teachers had a permanent contract. (The average internationally is 83%)
  • 64% of American teachers work in schools where more than 30% of their students come from economically disadvantaged homes. (This is the highest rate in 34 TALIS countries. The global average is 19.6%)
  • In the U.S. teachers have longer working hours (45 per week) and more instructional hours (27 per week). This is 20% more working hours and 40% more time instructional hours than their international counterparts.
  • American teachers have fewer Professional Learning Opportunities than their global counterparts. They do not team teach, plan activities with other teachers across grade levels and rarely have the time to observe other teachers and discuss techniques.
  • No other country surveyed tests students using external standardized tests at every grade level. Nor are their teachers evaluated with value added scores from any testing that is done.
  • Globally teachers receive more feedback from their peers than do American teachers.
As you can see U.S. teachers spend more time at their job compared to teachers in other countries. More importantly OECD found several important differences that affect student outcomes.

OECD found the following in higher performing countries:
  • Countries that value teachers, pay them more relative to other college educated workers.
  • Students achieve at higher levels in countries where teachers are valued.
  • There is a focus on creating a culture of collaboration in their schools resulting in innovative practices.
  • Higher performing countries find it easier to recruit and retain teachers.


Effects of Inequality and Poverty vs. Teachers and Schooling on America’s Youth

Inequality hurts everyone...those who ignore it for short term gain will lose in the long run...
I think everyone in the USA, of any political party, understands that poverty hurts families and affects student performance at the schools their children attend. But the bigger problem for our political leaders and citizens to recognize is that inequality hurts everyone in society, the wealthy and the poor alike. History teaches us that when income inequalities are large, they are tolerated by the poor for only so long. Then there is an eruption, and it is often bloody! Both logic and research suggest that economic policies that reduce income inequality throughout the United States are quite likely to improve education a lot, but even more than that, such policies might once again establish this nation as a beacon on a hill, and not merely a light that shines for some, but not for all of our citizens.


SBAC results from Washington State confirm test designed to fail vast majority of children

Failure is a feature of standardized tests. Cut scores have become political tools.
The Common Core SBAC test results from Washington State confirm the worst fears that the Common Core SBAC test is designed to fail the vast majority of public schools students.

From the initial post of 2015, Wait, What? has been sounding the alarm about the unfair, inappropriate and discriminatory nature of the SBAC testing scheme.

Pa. says 2015 standardized test scores dropped precipitously because of added rigor

Make tests harder...raise cut scores in order to ensure greater failure...blame the teachers and public schools...enter privatization.
The Pennsylvania State Educators Association, the state's largest teachers union, said that will undoubtedly feed misperception.

"You are going to see huge outcry, and I can certainly envision a scenario where teachers are very unjustly attacked for this process," said Chris Clayton, assistant director for education services at PSEA. "You have essentially moved the target for teachers to get their students to, and then you raised the bar with these cut scores, all in combination with funding cuts."

A bill that would tie teacher furloughs to the new teacher evaluation system has passed the state House of Representatives.

Another bill that would push back the state's standardized-test graduation requirement until 2019 has passed the Senate.

In concert, if advanced, these bills would give students less motivation to perform well on tests while holding teachers more accountable for student results.

"It's almost like a perfect recipe to attack teachers in many ways," said Clayton.

Iowa reform pushes students to read earlier - or else

Iowa joins the ranks of those states which punish third graders who struggle with reading.
Retention laws are seen as a way to stop students from advancing a grade level without merit, a practice known as social promotion. Since the late 1990s, there's been a focus across the nation on ensuring high school diplomas have validity and meaning.

But experts and educators have voiced concerns about the social and emotional effect of holding back students. A 2005 study found that repeating a grade for sixth-graders is as traumatic as losing a parent or going blind.

However, proponents point to a key part of Iowa's legislation: allowing students to progress to fourth grade if they attend a summer reading program, which is expected to incorporate teaching strategies that use some of the latest literacy research.

"My hope is that zero kids actually get retained," Iowa Department of Education Director Brad Buck said.

States such as Florida have stricter remediation laws, allowing students to progress only if they can demonstrate through a test or portfolio that they're not behind.

Iowa also allows "good cause" exemptions, such as if students have less than two years of instruction in English-as-a-second-language programs, do not take state exams because of a disability or demonstrate in another way that they are reading at grade level, such as through a portfolio.


Education: the Next Corporate Frontier
Privatization exists in different forms, including vouchers, public private partnerships, low-fee private schools, and charter schools. Whatever it’s called, it amounts to the same thing: private corporations gaining control of and profiting from an essential public function. In every country, the identical argument is used: public schools are failing, reform is needed and big business will do it best, providing choice and efficiency. If the statistics don’t match the argument, they are concealed or doctored to fit.


TFN President Talks Texas Textbooks with MSNBC’s Melissa Harris-Perry

The "Confederate Battle Flag" issue in South Carolina (and elsewhere) is not the only indication that we're still fighting the Civil War.
The Texas version of history could rewrite the story for all American school children...

We have moved away from listening to teachers and listening to experts from our colleges and universities about what kids need when they graduate...what do they need to be successful in colleges and jobs. That's where the emphasis needs to be.

And when it comes to history I think that the emphasis on facts and figures and certainly the politicized emphasis in Texas means that students aren't understanding why we study history which is about understanding ourselves today as much as it is understanding 150 years ago...


The narrow pursuit of test results has sidelined education issues of enduring importance such as poverty, equity in school funding, school segregation, health and physical education, science, the arts, access to early childhood education, class size, and curriculum development. We have witnessed the erosion of teachers’ professional autonomy, a narrowing of curriculum, and classrooms saturated with “test score-raising” instructional practices that betray our understandings of child development and our commitment to educating for artistry and critical thinking. And so now we are faced with “a crisis of pedagogy”–teaching in a system that no longer resembles the democratic ideals or tolerates the critical thinking and critical decision-making that we hope to impart on the students we teach.

Stop the Testing Insanity!





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